If you have been following along with us for a while, you may have noticed that we use the term “plant-forward” a lot. This term is definitely less popular than plant-based, but we prefer plant-forward because it is more inclusive of a wide variety of dietary preferences. In this article, we will dive into the what, why, and how of a plant-forward diet. Keep reading to the end for helpful resources, other articles, and delicious plant-forward recipes that can help you along your way to plant-forward health!
What is Plant-Forward?
Plant-forward eating is not the same as veganism or vegetarianism.
Plant-forward is not even the same as plant-based; most people that follow a strictly plant-based diet generally do not consume any animal products. Actually, if not planned properly, plant-based eating patterns can be quite unhealthy.
In relation to dietary patterns, a plant-forward diet is most similar to flexitarian eating patterns, but even that doesn’t paint the whole picture.
Plant-forward is a “big tent” approach to cooking and eating that encourages consumers to get more plants on their plates. Most animal-based foods provide quality sources of protein, vitamins, and minerals, and some even provide healthy sources of fats.
However, most people just consume way too much of these foods, filling their plates up with meat and cheese, rather than lots of colorful plants! Plant-forward diets aim to shift that balance to make plants the focus of most of your meals.
This isn’t to say that you have to turn down tacos, say no to salmon, or pass on pork sliders. If you enjoy these foods, include them! To make a plant-forward plate, start your meal with a green salad, then serve some roasted or fresh veggies, whole grains, beans, and/or fresh fruit with the main entree.
Here are some plant-forward diet trends by the numbers:
American adults identifying
18- to 34-year-olds identifying
American adults identifying
American adults actively trying to eat
more plant-based foods
Consumers seeking to
reduce meat intake
Americans at least “open” to trying plant-based substitutes for meat and/or eating less meat (1)
These numbers provide reason to be optimistic about the future of this movement, especially considering all of the benefits of plant-forward diets!
Benefits of Plant-Forward Eating
Why adopt a plant-forward diet? Not only is plant-forward eating better for your health, but it is also better for the environment, is financially savvy, and often celebrates cultural and ethnic traditions.
Plant-forward diets are rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans, nuts, seeds, and healthy oils. All of these ingredients are packed with essential nutrients that promote health. People that eat these foods tend to have healthier body weights, decreased reliance on medications, and lower rates of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes. (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)
Additionally, plant-forward diets tend to be significantly higher in fiber than animal-based diets. (8) Increased fiber consumption promotes a healthy immune system, proper bowel movements, mood regulation, decreased cancer risk, good cholesterol levels, and appetite regulation.
Check out this article to learn more about using food as medicine.
Many conventional animal feeding operations (aka CAFOs) wreak havoc on natural ecosystems and contribute large quantities of pollutants to the local and global environment. (9, 10) Because plant-forward diets are not vegetarian or vegan, consuming smaller amounts of sustainably raised beef, chicken, and pork can still support and promote economic and environmental health. (11)
Further, plants require significantly less water and resources to grow, produce, and distribute. Regeneratively-grown plant foods may also promote environmental health, as these foods are grown in a way that promotes cleaner air and improved soil health. (12, 13) Locally-grown products are even better for the environment, as they do not use large amounts of fossil fuels to be transported across the country or world. (14, 15, 16)
If local and regeneratively-grown options are available and within your budget, choose those foods when possible. However, if these foods are not within your budget, there are still many benefits of eating plant-forward meals, regardless!
Check out this article to learn more about eating sustainably.
Plant-forward diets tend to be less expensive than animal-based diets. Unprocessed, whole, plant foods cost less than their animal counterparts. (17) Canned or dried beans, whole grains, fresh, frozen, or dried fruits, and fresh or frozen vegetables are some of the most affordable foods to purchase when following a plant-based diet on a budget.
When purchasing meat, poultry, fish, or dairy, choose to pay a slightly higher price for higher quality items. By consuming smaller portions of these items less frequently, it will cost as much as, or maybe even less than, what you would pay if you bought these products more often!
Plant-forward menus are culturally appropriate and ethnically diverse. Grains, beans/legumes, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds are ingredients that support and sustain societies across the globe.
Bean tacos, hummus and pita, injera and fasolia, lentil dal, green curry, soba noodles, miso soup, three sisters stew, and minestrone are just some examples of global plant-forward dishes. If you’ve never tried one of these dishes, find a local ethnic restaurant or prepare a new recipe, then celebrate the diverse culinary perspectives of the world!
All of the To Taste dietitians attended this year’s Global Plant-Forward Culinary Summit, where we learned how chefs and restaurateurs around the world are promoting plant-forward menus in their establishments.
Is plant-forward eating a new phenomenon?
Not at all! Cultures and communities around the globe have been practicing plant-forward eating patterns that promote health, sustainability, and longevity for thousands of years. Examples of generational plant-forward eating patterns can be found in the Blue Zones and the Mediterranean Diet, but most countries have rich histories of plant-forward diets.
How to Follow a Plant-Forward Diet
The Culinary Institute of America, restaurateurs, chefs, and dietitians are breathing life into the plant-forward movement by highlighting plant-forward menu items across the globe. Again, rather than telling people to cut out meat (good luck being that person at a backyard barbecue!), plant-forward proponents simply recommend making plants the focus of your meals!
Which plants should I eat?
If you hear the phrase “plant-forward” and worry that the rest of your life will be spent eating bland beans, rice, lettuce, and tomatoes, think again! With a few tools in your tool belt, you will be ready to buy, make, and eat flavorful plant-forward meals that will sustain and satisfy.
For a balanced plant-forward diet, focus on using whole grains, beans/legumes, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, and healthy oils in the majority of your meals. Use small portions of dairy, meat, fish, eggs, and poultry to add nutrients and flavor.
If you know that one of your meals is going to be more meat-heavy that day, aim to fill your other meals with lots of plant foods! You can still enjoy Texas barbecue while following a plant-forward diet!
What about snacks and desserts? Isn’t sugar technically a plant? Aren’t potato chips plant-based? Yes, and yes, but part of the idea of the plant-forward movement is encouraging people to consume whole, “slow-metabolizing”, plant foods. That “slow-metabolizing” bit helps plant-forward diet newbies narrow their focus on the true elements of a plant-forward diet.
Foods to Emphasize on a Plant-Forward Diet
Does adopting a plant-forward diet mean giving up all of your favorite foods? Not at all! As dietitians and chefs, we acknowledge the role that flavor, variety, and pleasure play in our eating choices. In fact, we enjoy burgers, pizza, and dessert just as much as anyone else! The key in making these foods work within a healthy lifestyle is making plants the star of the meal.
Pizza for dinner? Choose a veggie pizza instead of meat lovers pie. Burger for lunch? Replace half of the meat with mushrooms or lentils, or double up on a side of veggies. Fajitas when dining out? Load up with grilled veggies and beans first, then choose smaller portions of meat. By making simple swaps like these, you can take control of your health without sacrificing flavor or nutrition!
What about potlucks? If you are going to a gathering where there will be lots of meat and cheese options, be the person to bring a plant-forward dish! Our grain salads, hummus flatbreads, and black bean corn salad are all great plant-rich recipes that are perfect for sharing!
Here are a few simple ways that you can up your plant-forward game.
Go for ½ and ½
Aim to make at least 50% of all of your meals plants – even the “junkiest” meals! You can still enjoy meat-based burgers on a plant-forward diet. Use a whole grain bun, top the patty with veggies, and serve with a salad and/or roasted veggies. Adding these ingredients shifts the focus to the plants, while still giving you the satisfaction of eating a burger! Get creative with plant-based sauces, spreads, sides, and salads.
Color Your Plate
Make it a goal to include at least three natural colors in every meal. (Hint: plant foods are rich in a variety of colors!) Up for a challenge? Aim for five different colors.
Learn to Cook!
This is what we’re all about at To Taste – teaching you fundamental culinary skills so that you can take control of your health through cooking. By learning how to make plant foods look, smell, and taste delicious, you will be more likely to include lots of plants on your plate.
Lucky for you, we have LOTS of resources to help you along your way to delicious plant-forward cooking. Check ‘em out!
Finally, be sure to sign up for our email list for priority access to our online culinary classes coming this spring!
Here are some of our favorite plant-forward recipes!
Snacks and Dessert
Want to learn more about plant-forward eating?
Check out these helpful resources!
To Taste Articles
Although these articles say “plant-based”, vegan, and vegetarian, we are not necessarily promoting these eating patterns. Rather, we hope to simply provide more ideas, inspiration, and helpful strategies for adopting a plant-forward diet.
Plant-Forward Books & Cookbooks
Some of these books and cookbooks provide strictly vegetarian or vegan recipes, but we don’t necessarily endorse these eating patterns. However, the recipes inside can provide some ideas and inspiration for tasty plant-forward meals!
In Defense of Food – Michael Pollan
Fiber Fueled – Will Bulsciewicz, MD
How Not to Die Cookbook – Michael Greger, MD, FACLM
The Blue Zones – Dan Buettner
The Blue Zones Kitchen Cookbook – Dan Buettner
The New Vegetarian Cooking for Everyone – Deborah Madison
How to Cook Everything Vegetarian – Mark Bittman
Podcasts / Videos
We hope that this article leaves you feeling inspired to adopt a plant-forward diet or to go learn more about it! We would love to hear about your plant-forward journey, and how we as culinary nutrition professionals can support you along your path!
Here’s to plant-forward cooking to YOUR Taste!